Students learned how to manufacture personal happiness at Happiness Intervention, an event hosted by the Office of Alcohol and Drug Education (OADE) on Wednesday. The program, led by University Counseling Center staff psychologist Megan Brown, was the latest installment to the Wellness Wednesday series, an initiative started last semester. OADE health educator Bridget Hoffman said Wellness Wednesdays was started in an effort to create holistic wellness programs for students. “The hope was to establish more programs that are holistically based on wellness,” Hoffman said. “They cover various topics from stress reduction to fun exercise activities to cooking on a college budget.” OADE developed the concept for this week’s program after screening ‘The Happy Movie’ on the United Nations’ International Day of Happiness a few weeks ago, Hoffman said. Designing follow up sessions focusing on how students could effectively increase their positive emotion level would hopefully improve student happiness, she said. Brown led the group of attendees through multiple exercises, which ranged from measuring positive emotion and life satisfaction on the subjective happiness scale to writing down three things they are grateful for having in their lives “We talked about how that [gratitude] felt – that was the first intervention,” Brown said. “Gratitude has been studied in the field of positive psychology as one intervention that helps a lot of people feel more positive.” Brown also shared several studies that demonstrate the benefits of feeling gratitude, including one that asked participants to list five things they were grateful for on a weekly or daily basis. “[The studies] found rather consistently that people felt better about their lives as a whole, they were more optimistic about the future, they reported fewer health complaints,” Brown said. “The gratitude group also spent more time exercising, 1.5 more hours per week.” It is important, however, to distinguish positive emotions like gratitude from happiness, Brown said. “Gratitude is a positive feeling but you might not be happy,” she said. “Things might be going badly in your life, but having gratitude, that positive emotion, still lights up the same area of the brain that happiness does.” Joy, compassion and other positive emotions serve the same purpose, Brown said. Brown concluded the session by having attendees form a happiness plan for them to move forward. She said students focused on what they could do to improve not only their positive emotions, but also the positive emotions of others. “The benefits of happiness, of positive emotion in general, are that people are healthier, they live longer and they’re more resilient in the face of things that go wrong,” Brown said. “Not only are they okay after a tragedy, but they are flourishing. They are better off than if the tragedy never happened.” The Happiness Intervention aimed to increase the overall happiness of students on campus, Hoffman said. “Students here are set to such high academic standards, which is awesome, but they tend to become anxious and stressed out,” Hoffman said. “We were able to just bring the whole idea of being grateful for something different every day rather than just focusing on, ‘What are the tasks that I need to accomplish today.’”
As Brazil prepares for its Oct. 5 presidential election, the Kellogg Institute welcomed Marcus Melo yesterday, professor of political science at the Federal University of Pernambuco in Brazil, to discuss his preliminary analysis of the country’s increasingly visible popular political discontent.“My point is that Brazil seems to be at the verge of something important — there’s something big going on here,” Melo said. “There’s this massive extractive capacity in the political system here, and this has generated all sorts of reactions.”Melo focused his discussion on one particular reaction, “the rise of [the citizen as a] dissatisfied or disgruntled customer.”Presidential hopefuls blame Brazil’s social unrest at least in part on current institutions, but other factors like public attitude contribute to the changing political landscape, Melo said.“Political malaise in Brazil is not primarily a problem of dysfunctional institutions, although there is clearly some institutional sources of frustration,” he said. “There are also a number of factors that are non-institutional … [which] should require more attention than the literature or even the public discussion has recognized.”“Civic cynicism is, at the bottom, a root cause of much of the discontent in Brazil,” Melo said. “These days, we find taxi drivers talking about taxes being very high, and that was completely unheard of in Brazil … and now, this is pretty common.”Melo described how, in more than 800 cities across the country, illuminated signs outside of businesses show current levels of taxation, which has in a sense translated the issue of taxes into the language of the people.“There is this thought that Brazil has incredibly high prices, everything has outrageous prices, so everybody talks about that — so they don’t talk about taxes, you know? But they talk about the prices being too high,” he said.When taxes are interpreted as prices, they suddenly enter into everyday conversation, Melo said. The coalitions behind the taxes have piqued public interest too — governmental corruption is second only to healthcare as a concern of the average citizen, although increased government spending has led to social improvement, he said.“All the social spending categories have been growing at almost 3 percent a year,” Melo said. This has generated “very impressive outcomes in terms of reducing inequality and poverty. … In fact, social spending has never been at the current level, meaning the poor have never had it so good in terms of transfers and so on.”Brazil is witnessing the emergence of “a new fiscal, social contract where people would be prepared to be taxed in exchange for services,” Melo said, but the current exchange rate is highly unpalatable. Brazil already has “a tax burden higher than the U.S., closer to [that of] the U.K.,” but the government continues to raise taxes, he said.“I personally predict that there will be, for the first time, massive low turnout [at the upcoming election],” Melo said. “I personally know people, who have always voted, who have said, ‘This time, I will not vote.’”Tags: Brazil, elections, lecture, Politics
The University of Notre Dame recently ranked No. 1 on Best Value Schools’ Top 25 Universities for non-profit and community service, ranked by their return on investment.The results indicated Notre Dame ranked No. 10 in ROTC participation among students and alumni, No. 23 in service staff, courses and financial aid support and No. 35 in community service participation and hours served. The Best Value Schools’ website singled out Notre Dame for the No. 1 ranking based on the University’s Center for Social Concerns (CSC). The survey took into account the CSC’s active role in the community and commitment to service as well as the school’s Catholic identity, which promotes community outreach among students and faculty, according to the website.CSC associate director of research and assessment Jay Brandenberger fosters this foundation of volunteering on a daily basis through his involvement in directing research, partnering with the community and working with on-campus academics.“Forty-plus student service and social action clubs work with center coalitions with educators [among others],” Brandenberger said.According to the CSC webpage, the Center offers a variety of programs to foster student involvement. These programs include the Appalachia service trip, energy and health seminars and summer service learning programs (SSLP).Senior Mary Schmidt participated in one such SSLP this past summer at KIPP Ascend Primary School in Chicago. She said her work included assisting the chief of operations with day-to-day tasks, training summer interns and developing a school library.“They are reaching out to neighborhoods afflicted with social injustices and making it known that they hold these children to the same standards as the ‘majority,’” Schmidt said. “KIPP teaches that it is not only possible for these children to attend college, but it is expected of them.”Schmidt, whose ultimate goal is to attend medical school, said social injustices surround each profession, but in recognizing this, her experiences have given her new perspectives on poverty and social issues.“I hope to incorporate what I’ve learned and have been exposed to into my medical profession,” she said. “Each life is special. Everyone’s backgrounds are unique. “Notre Dame has now given me the tools to not only apply my knowledge to medicine, but to serve those I encounter in my profession.”Brandenberger said this commitment to service by both the University and its students is “one of the best ways to live our mission.”And this mission is evident in the number of students who choose to volunteer – according to the University’s service webpage, the CSC has a student participation rate of approximately 80 percent, and about 10 percent of students dedicate one year or more to service post-graduation.“The service aspect of Notre Dame forms well-rounded individuals who succeed after graduation not only in their professions, but in preaching and living the values of service, justice and equality that have been instilled within us,” Schmidt said.Tags: Center for Social Concerns, Community Service, CSC, Non-profit
Wednesday evening, the Saint Mary’s Moreau Art Galleries welcomed two new spring exhibits, “Touristic Intents” by Mat Rappaport and “Homeland: Chicago & Belgrade Diasporas,” a collaborative project by Melissa Potter and Mat Rappaport. The exhibits will run from Wednesday through March 6. Monica Villagomez Mendez Artists Melissa Potter, left, and Mat Rappaport presented two next exhibits to the Saint Mary’s community in the Moreau Galleries, titled “Touristic Intents” and “Homeland: Chicago & Belgrade Diasporas.”“Touristic Intents” was created using photographs, single channel video, silk screened cardboard boxes, rubber, surveyor’s poles and audio. The exhibit explores a three mile-long building that was constructed in the 1930s to be a Nazi resort that was unfinished in Prora, Germany. Rappaport said he started his research for this project in 2008.Rappaport said the purpose of the site was to house 20,000 vacationing working class Germans after the destruction of the trade unions.“What struck me was that this building was designed by the Nazis started being built in 1936, and the architect of this building’s main objectives was to create a resort for the working class, for the German workers, where everyone had a sea side view,” Rappaport said.The exhibit consists of 135 images, with each image showing the views from windows that were taken within one block of one building section.According to a description of “Touristic Intents” as provided by a brochure at the event, each image “depicts only the space of a window’s opening, its ‘view’ floating on a white background.” In order to “reinforce the initial promise of an ocean view for all, the obscured view is mirrored on the page with a reconstruction of an ocean view pushing through the same shape.”The site was sold and intended to be converted into condominiums, rental apartments and hotels by private developers in the 1990s after it was used as secret military site during the German Democratic Republic. During that time, it was used as a German military training school, barracks and officers’ resort.Rappaport said the building he explored is one of the five that the Nazis had planned to build as a part of their “strength through joy” program.”I was fascinated by this idea that this fascistic government wants to do something that seems, at least in my mind, very, very progressive by giving access to leisure time, which at that time [leisure time] was a construct that only upper class people got to experience,” Rappaport said. Monica Villagomez Mendez Visitors to the Moreau Galleries examine the new exhibits, which showcase themes surrounding diaspora, architecture and travel.Also on display was Potter and Rappaport’s “Homeland: Chicago and Belgrade Diaspora,” which uses interviews with multi-generational artists and curators to explore the Serbian experience of moving to the United States and establishing a post-Yugoslavian society.Some of the images presented in the exhibit are taken from Chicago, which is known as the Serbian center of the United States, having a population of roughly 400,000 Serbian people. The exhibit displays quotes from the interviews on images of a Chicago Serbian neighborhood and of Belgrade.“Doing the interviews has been so amazing because there is no way that, even a student of international news and international history, that you could get these kind of personal stories without sitting down with people,” Rappaport said. “As an artist, I think we get to have permission to ask people personal questions and intimate questions, and for whatever reason, they open up to us really nicely.“It has been a real privilege and an incredible answer to my own curiosity about certain issues.”Potter spoke for both herself and Rappaport when she said this work has affected the way that they both see certain parts of the world.“Sometimes you make work and then you leave it behind, but this work has made me think a lot. I really learned from these interviewees, and this project has changed a lot of my opinions and attitudes about social situations,” Potter said.Tags: art opening, mat rappaport, melissa potter, moreau art galleries opening, moreau art gallery, spring exhibitions
Dr. Jeffrey Luppes, assistant professor of German at Indiana University South Bend (IUSB), delivered a lecture Wednesday afternoon titled “German Wartime Suffering and the Holocaust in Postwar Memory.” The lecture was presented as part of the “Germany’s Confrontation with the Holocaust in a Global Context” exhibition. Chris Collins Jeffery Luppes, assistant professor of German at Indiana University South Bend, delivers a lecture inDeBartolo Hall on German wartime suffering and the experiences of German evacuees after the war. At the end and after the conclusion of World War II, the victorious Allied powers forced approximately 12 million Germans to leave their homelands in Central and Eastern Europe and move to the territory that is now Germany, Luppes said. “In the events that have become known as flight and expulsion, millions of Germans were evacuated by order of the Nazis or fled westward on their own accord before the war’s end and then were not allowed to return home,” he said. “Large numbers were driven out by vengeful local partisans during the ‘wild’ expulsions in the late spring and early summer of 1945. Innumerable others were forced to relocate as a result of border settlements and the population transfer decreed by the Allies at Potsdam in August of that year.” The precise number of deaths resulting from violent confrontation, diseases, malnourishment and exposure during the expulsion has been politicized and controversial for decades, Luppes said. “Informed guesses range from several hundred thousand to two million,” he said. The survivors and their descendants are referred to as “expellees,” Luppes said. Of the survivors, around eight million settled in West Germany, making up slightly more than 16 percent of the total population. “The roughly four million newly-arrived expellees in East Germany comprised just under a quarter of the population,” he said. In the late 1990s and early part of the 21st century, Luppes said, non-Jewish German experiences of World War II and its aftermath became a topic of public discourse in a way that was “hitherto unseen in reunited Germany.”“Unleashing the societal discussions were some leading literary and cultural figures who probed postwar German responses to the war or who explored subjects and framed their findings in ways long considered improper in light of the Holocaust,” Luppes said. “A number of documentaries airing in prime time, popular TV miniseries and highly visible cover stories on national magazines reignited … the debate,” he said. Much of the discussions on representations of German wartime suffering centered on if, and why, the topic of Germans as victims had been taboo, Luppes said, and how best to commemorate German wartime suffering without overshadowing the Nazi war crimes.“You might wonder what a talk about non-Jewish German victims has to do with a lecture series called ‘Remembrance: The Holocaust in Global Context.’ When it comes to this expansive and contentious topic, it seems that remembrance of German wartime suffering has been inextricably linked to the Holocaust — even more, one might even say it has been in direct competition. Discourses on German victimhood, particularly the suffering of the expellees, have existed and persisted throughout the postwar era, Luppes said. “Indeed, the topic ‘flight and expulsion’ has been a constitutive part of national narratives, on the political agenda at all levels and publicly commemorated in every decade after the war,” he said.Luppes said it can be argued in many ways that the expellees were “primus inter pares,” or first among equals, in comparison to the victims of World War II in Germany, especially for the first quarter-century after the war. “Therefore, although narratives of German wartime suffering have varied in tone and resonance over the course of the postwar era, the topic has never been taboo, at least in the sense that assertions of German victimhood were nonexistent or disallowed,” he said.A subtitle for Luppes’ lecture could be “From consensus to contestation,” he said. “And by that I mean, for the first 25 years after World War II and beyond, German victimhood occupied the largest place in German memory. It was a consensus,” he said. “Postwar memory in Germany tends to crowd out competing narratives. Indeed, not until the 1970s and early 1980s was the Holocaust able to squeeze in. This development was extraordinary and remains a significant achievement.”Holocaust-centered historical narratives have not been uncontested, Luppes said. “One could argue that with the explosion of interest in German wartime suffering, the place of the Holocaust in German memory is as tenuous as ever,” he said.Understanding perceptions of German wartime suffering in the postwar era is critical, Luppes said. “You might ask, ‘What is at stake here?’ Well, precisely the conditions that allowed for the prominence of German victimhood in postwar memory were those that prevented public commemoration of the Holocaust on a large scale. If a similar setup were to occur again, memories of Germany’s victims, instead of German victims, could be squeezed out again,” he said.Attitudes on German culpability did not change immediately, Luppes said, and prior to the 1960s discussions of responsibility had facilitated a widespread popularity of the narratives of the past that focused on German victimhood, including those put forward by the expellees. “The Nuremberg trials in the fall of 1945 and the successive trials from 1946 to 1949, as well as the Allies’ broader efforts to de-Nazify German society did little to implicate the rest of the populace,” he said. “Most attribute the beginning of the more widespread readiness to reassess a remembrance of the German past to a series of high-profile criminal trials, starting with the Einsatzgruppen trial in Ulm in 1958, at which the mass killing of Jews in Poland and the Soviet Union was comprehensively presented in public for the first time.”In revealing to the world the totality of the Nazi crimes, Luppes said, the trials played an important didactic role in altering the opinions on the fundamental nature of the Third Reich and challenged West German attitudes on culpability. “Though a distinction must be made between the attitudes of the political class … and the rest of the population, the trials inevitably led to more confrontation with and contemplation about the role played by ordinary Germans in the annihilation of European Jews,” he said. The long-term logistical efforts to accommodate the influx of ethnic German refugees and expellees were considered unparalleled in German history, Luppes said. “In fact, many considered the integration of expellees to be one of the great achievements of the German postwar states,” he said. “The efforts are often referenced today in the discussions about handling the huge numbers of incoming refugees in Germany right now. There are important differences, of course.” Tags: germany, Holocaust, Holocaust Remembrance, Remembrance, World War II
Caitlyn Jordan | The Observer Notre Dame senior Lindsay Allen orders dinner at the new Jimmy John’s location on Eddy Street onSunday. The restaurant joins other chains such as Chipotle and Five Guys.Tyler Grummel, first assistant at Jimmy John’s, said the restaurant’s new location was chosen largely due to its increased proximity to Notre Dame’s campus — with the restaurant’s location on Michigan Avenue formerly being closest to campus — and takes Domer Dollars to account for added student business.“We’re closer to campus and we wanted to increase business that way,” Grummel said. “This store, especially, is mainly Notre Dame-based clientele [and] we take Domer Dollars over the phone and at the registers. We’re getting a lot more business because of that, too. We got it every so often at the other store, but now people are coming in almost every day and paying with Domer Dollars.”Sophomore Alex Daugherty said he is excited to have a Jimmy John’s within walking distance that also delivers to campus.“I am really excited about having one on Eddy Street that I can just walk to because I definitely wouldn’t have walked downtown or I’d call it to have it delivered,” Daugherty said. “If it’s going to be a nice day then I won’t mind walking over, but … if delivery time is going to be a lot faster than it was from downtown, then I’m definitely going to have it brought to the door [when it’s cold].”The new location has already seen an increase in business since students have returned to Notre Dame for the start of a new school year, Grummel said, and despite being within walking distance of campus has continued to receive many delivery orders from students.“Ever since the students got back there’s definitely been an increase, especially on the night side with foot traffic and deliveries to campus,” he said. “I think because we’re closer and we can get there even faster now [delivery has] grown because we can actually live up to the ‘freaky fast’ standard.”Junior Jennifer Mulvey said she is happy to see another different addition to Eddy Street and is likely to make the walk over to Jimmy John’s instead of placing an order for delivery because of the short distance from campus.“I’m really excited [about it],” Mulvey said. “I’d probably walk over versus order. We have a Subway on campus, which is kind of similar, but if you’re walking to Eddy Street I think that’s kind of a unique one for Eddy Street.”Daugherty echoed Mulvey and said he’s happy to see a simple and fast sandwich option added to Eddy Street, something he believes was missing in the past. Caitlyn Jordan | The Observer Senior Grace Watkins and 2015 alumnus Alex Caton share a meal at the new Jimmy John’s location on Eddy Street. The new location opened between the Hammes Bookstore and Blaze Pizza on June 22.“There wasn’t really a basic sandwich option,” he said. “You have Bar Bici, which is really specialized, and Chipotle of course, [and] I don’t count McAlister’s [Deli] because McAlister’s feels more sit-down than carry-out, where Jimmy John’s is kind of a niche that wasn’t filled yet.”The restaurant, which serves “fresh gourmet sandwiches” according to its website, remains open until 3 a.m. Thursday through Saturday, Grummel said, due to the high amount of business the new location attracts because of foot traffic to and from bars on Eddy Street.“Because we’re between the two bars we get a big rush right as we’re closing at night [so] we are open until 3 a.m.” he said.Grummel also said the restaurant is always looking to hire new workers to keep up with the evening rush if any Notre Dame students are interested in an off-campus job.“Right now we’re just mainly focusing on [hiring] more night staff,” he said. “We always have a nice flow of people coming and going because we do have a lot of students work for us, so in the summertime they move away and don’t always come back and then it switches off.”Tags: Eddy Street, Eddy Street Commons, Jimmy John’s While new additions such as Dunne Hall, Flaherty Hall and Smashburger were being unveiled on Notre Dame’s campus over the summer, a new Jimmy John’s location also opened on Eddy Street between the Hammes Bookstore and Blaze Pizza.
The student senate voted to postpone the student government presidential runoff election until Feb. 23 and suspend campaigning until Feb. 19 during a meeting Thursday night.Under normal circumstances, a runoff election would take place the Monday following the original election, per the Student Union Constitution. However, out of respect for those mourning the death of Sister Mary McNamara, the Breen-Phillips Hall rector who died Wednesday due to complications following a stroke, the candidates agreed to suspend campaigning and postpone the election.“In light of Sister Mary’s passing, we didn’t think it was appropriate to continue on with the election,” student body vice president Sibonay Shewit said. “And seeing that [Junior Parents Weekend] is not this weekend but the weekend after, and our candidates are all juniors, it seems to make the most sense to suspend campaigning from now through JPW.”Tags: Senate, student body president elections
Erin Fennessy Bond Hall, originally serving as the University’s library, recently underwent renovations, including the addition of a new learning research lab and First Year Advising space.Project specialist Matt Motolko, who facilitated the design and bid process of Bond Hall through completion, said workers kept the existing layout of the building and made renovations based on each department’s specific needs.“For some, there were walls added to create individual offices and meeting spaces, which included minor mechanical upgrades,” Motolko said in an email. “While for others, the areas were almost move-in ready, just some minor cosmetic upgrades.”In addition to the departments who have already moved in, Motolko said they are in the preliminary stages of planning a teaching and learning research lab on the ground floor, as well as a new space for First Year Advising on the third floor, among other initatives.“In the near future, we will have multiple registrar controlled classrooms, including language learning classrooms, throughout the building,” Motolko said in the email. “The building will also be outfitted with shared conference rooms [and] meeting spaces on each floor for any department to use.”Demetra Schoenig, director of academic enhancement for the Graduate School, said she was in favor of the department’s transition to Bond Hall.“Bond Hall is an extraordinary building,” Schoenig said. “… Its location is lovely — adjacent to the lakes, the Log Chapel and other buildings that Fr. [Edward] Sorin and his colleagues built in the University’s early years.”As the graduate school was previously housed in the Main Building, Schoenig said the new space and amenities Bond Hall has to offer will help their department flourish.“The Graduate School’s ethos is that your research matters, and key to that ethos is that you matter,” Schoenig said. “As a hub for graduate students, postdoctoral scholars, undergraduates and faculty alike, Bond Hall’s meeting rooms, auditorium and classrooms will enable us to foster a sense of intellectual community that is at the heart of this ethos.”Paloma Garcia-Lopez, associate director of the Institute for Latino Studies (ILS), said her department was the first University unit to move into Bond Hall last spring. With the new space, ILS has room for a scholar’s lounge for students open Monday through Thursday.Garcia-Lopez said they particularly appreciate their new location with respect to other buildings on campus.“We feel really blessed because we’re close to the Basilica and the Grotto and the lake, and it’s a really nice place to be,” Garcia-Lopez said. “Everybody seems to walk by the Dome, so we’re getting a lot more connection to the student body, which we really like, and then the other departments that have moved in have just made the building more lively.”Tags: Bond Hall, graduate school, Institute for Latino Studies Following the School of Architecture’s transition to Walsh Family Hall in the spring, Bond Hall now serves as a part of the University’s Campus Student Learning District, along with the Coleman-Morse Center.Bond Hall is currently home to the Institute for Latino Studies, the Flatley Center for Undergraduate Scholarly Engagement, the Graduate School, the Office for Postdoctoral Scholars, the Center for the Study of Languages and Cultures and a new initiative for first-year science and engineering students.Originally built in 1917, Bond Hall served as the University’s library until the School of Architecture transitioned into the building in 1964.
JAMESTOWN – A Rex Block, also know as a blocking high pressure will provide for a continued stretch of sunny and dry weather through the upcoming week. Only by the end of the week will it begin to break apart.For your Sunday, partly cloudy skies with highs near-70.Tonight partly cloudy skies continue with lows in the upper-40’s.The sun continues for much of the week straight through Thursday. With temperatures on an steady incline. Highs on Monday and Tuesday in the low to mid-70’s. Highs on Wednesday near 80 and lower-80’s on Thursday. As this blocking high pressure begins to lose its strength by the end of the week, a low pressure system will begin to move in by next weekend. Even then the chances for rain will be scattered and widespread at best. Temperatures for this period will remain in the 80’s.WNYNewsNow is a proud Ambassador for the NOAA Weather-Ready Nation program.Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)
Broadway vet Leigh Zimmerman will join the West End transfer of Noel Coward’s Relative Values as Miranda Frayle. Directed by Trevor Nunn and starring the previously announced Patricia Hodge, Caroline Quentin and Rory Bremner, the Theatre Royal Bath production will play a limited engagement March 19 through June 21. Press night is set for April 14 at the Harold Pinter Theatre. View Comments There is consternation at Marshwood House when the young Earl announces he is to marry a Hollywood film actress…. but the family is well and truly flummoxed when it comes to light that the starlet’s sister is none other than Moxie, the Earl’s mother’s maid. In an attempt to cope with this deeply embarrassing situation, Moxie is dressed up in her ladyship’s cast-offs as the family endeavours to pass her off as one of their own. Returning to the production from Bath are Steven Pacey as Peter, Timothy Kightley as Admiral Sir John Hayling, Amanda Boxer as Lady Cynthia Hayling, Sam Hoare as Nigel and Rebecca Birch as Alice . Olivier winner Zimmerman has appeared on Broadway in Chicago, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum, Crazy For You and The Will Rogers Follies. Recent London stage credits include A Chorus Line and A Love Affair from A2Z .