first_imgControlling bodY weight is really a matter of controlling body fat. The most important consideration for health is not total weight, but body composition (proportion of fat to lean mass). Many persons who are ‘overweight’ are also ‘over fat’ and the health risks faced are due to the latter condition.The secret to managing body weight is eating moderately and getting regular physical activity. This adoption of healthy and sustainable habits will maximise energy and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. It will also boost body image as persons are becoming obsessed with weight and shape. However, this is sometimes associated with dangerouseating patterns and disorders.Body weight and body composition are determined by multiple factors that may vary with each individual. Such factors include genetic, physiological and lifestyle trends.Genetic factorsGenes influence body size and shape, body fat distribution and metabolic rates. Genetic factors also affect the ease with which weight is gained and where on the body it is added. If both parents are overweight, it is very likely that their children will be overweight.Physiological factorsn Metabolism this is a key physiological factor. It is the sum of all the vital processes by which food energy and nutrients are made available to the body. The largest component is the Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR). High RMR burns more calories and hence less weight is gained. The vice versa is true for low RMR.n Energy balance if the energy equation is balanced, an individual burns the same amount of calories as he/she consumes and no weight is gained. If more calories are taken in than expended, weight will increase.n Hormones hormonal changes, especially in females, play a role in the accumulation of body fat. For example,hormones during puberty initiates the development of breasts, wider hips and a fat layer beneath the skin. The hormone leptin is said to be linked toobesity.n Weight cycling repeatedly gaining and losing weight (yo-yo dieting) makes the body more efficient at storing calories and more difficult to lose weight.Lifestyle factorsn Eating increased energy intake and decreased physical activity may increase risk for excess body fat and obesity down the line. For example, eating calorie-dense foods of high fat, high sugar and fast foods low in nutrients, sodas and beers. Consider also the proportion sizes of high calorie meals.n Physical activity modern conveniences such as motor vehicles, remote controls, power machines, etc., have reduced daily physical activity. The lifestyle of men has become sedentaryn Psycho-social persons use food as a means of coping with stress and negative emotions. For many, eating provides a powerful distraction from loneliness, anger, boredom, sadness, and feelings of inadequacy. It can be used to combat low moods, low energy levels and low self-esteem. When food and eating becomes the primary means of regulating emotions, binge eating and other unhealthy eating patterns develop. Such practices may lead to obesity or anorexia.It is clear that most weight problems are lifestyle problems. Controlling weight is a matter of adopting healthy behaviours that can be maintained throughout life and will lower the health risks associated with overweight and obesity.Health risksn Being overweight or obese isn’t something to take lightly. These conditions greatly raise risks for other health problems. Excess body fat increases a person’s risk of developing numerous diseases and unhealthy conditions. Obesity is one of six controllable risk factors for heart disease. It also increases risk for other forms of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancers, diabetes, gall bladder disease, respiratory problems, joint diseases, skin problems, impaired immune function and sleep disorders.n Obese people have an overall mortality rate almost twice that of non-obese people. Studies have shown that women who gain more than 22 pounds since they were 18 years old have a sevenfold increase in the risk of heart disease. Studies also confirmed that overweight and obesity shorten lives.n Scientific evidence shows that the way people store fat affects their risk for disease. Statistics show that obese individuals with a lot of abdominal fat are clearly at higher risk than others with a similar amount of body fat stored in other areas (hip, thigh, gluteal). Evidence also indicates that those whose fat deposits around internal organs have an even greater risk for diseases than those with fat deposits beneath the skin.Risk assessment techniquesIt is clear that most weight problems are lifestyle problems. A few management techniques include:n Changes in diet and eating habitsn Increase physical activity and exercisen Get psychological helpn Manage emotionn Develop healthy stress coping skillsn Positive thinkinglast_img read more

first_imgChinese Ambassador Fu Jijun presents gift to Mayor Pam Belcher-Taylor after the program— Chinese Ambassador foresees more investment here; dedicates newly renovated community park in PaynesvilleChinese Ambassador accredited to Liberia, Fu Jijun, has said that the cordial bilateral relationship that is currently subsisting between his country and Liberia will get stronger and stronger as he and his team will continue to make Liberia’s case in an effort to lure more investments to the country.He said that Chinese companies are seizing opportunities presented by the cordiality in relationship to invest and also implement projects on behalf of their mother country. “As the Chinese Ambassador here, I would like to assure you that it is my job to make every efforts to deepen the collaboration and enhance the friendship between both countries and bring more benefits to our people,” Ambassador Fu said.The senior Chinese diplomat spoke on Monday at the ceremony commemorating the dedication of the newly renovated Paynesville Community Park. It is anticipated that the Park would help boost recreational activities and improve interactions among residents.He expressed delight for being opportune to form part of the dedication of the newly constructed basketball court along with the fully equipped children’s playground—an initiative that represents many of the good results of the friendship and collaboration between both countries.Ambassador Fu noted at the event that Chinese companies are getting more involved in the development of the country and that, as interactions between those companies and the Liberian people increase, the China-Liberia friendship grows and deepens further. “As a way of advancing more friendly interaction between our people, these companies often seize the opportunity to impact the lives of locals through creative and unique ways,” he said.He said despite the many challenges being faced, several Chinese companies continue to demonstrate their commitment to keep investing in the Liberian economy, he said.The ambassador, however, termed the Paynesville Park project as another gift from the Chinese companies to the Liberian people.The project came to fruition through a goodwill gesture from the Chinese government through TSMO Investment Corporation and the China Dalian International Cooperation Group (CDIG). Several bilateral projects have also been successfully completed while many others are being initiated. Some of these projects include the China-Liberia Friendship Park and the electronic billboard at the Executive Pavilion. Collaboration between the two countries has been developing very robustly over the last decade.A view of the newly renovated park in PaynesvilleAt the forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) coordinators meeting held three weeks ago, China pledged continual commitment to the pro-poor agenda of the Weah Administration.The Chinese government further demonstrated this commitment with the signing of agreements that will see the construction of two overhead bridges, valued at US$30M, to help ease the heavy traffic congestion around the newly constructed Ministerial Complex.Paynesville City Mayor, Pam Belcher-Taylor said the project was initiated in 2017 at the request of PCC in order to provide a recreational facility for residents of the city and its surrounding environs. She lauded the Chinese for not only giving the city a facelift, but also contributing to the happiness of the residents, especially the young people and children“In 2017, the PCC, through then Mayor, Cyvette Gibson, was given an offer by the Chinese government for the construction of park,”Communication was afterwards received from CDIG that it was selected by the Embassy here to carry out the work and that a site should be identified for the project. This is how PCC Special Project and technical and City Planning Department selected the Park because of its deplorable state.The project was done in phases with the first phase being the construction of the Basketball Court which include four sitting platforms, dual basketball rims. The phase II included the construction of the children’s playground, which was installed by TSMO, included an artificial climbing wall, a slide, two merry-go-rounds, a swing, four seesaws and others.The ceremony was also graced by several dignitaries, including Montserrado County District #2 Representative Jimmy Smith and Paynesville City Council Chairman, T. Max Hinneh.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more