COPYRIGHT covers literary work such as (Novels, poems and plays) films, music, artistic, (e.g. Drawings, paintings, photograph, sculpture and architecture design). Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonographs in their recordings and broadcaster in their radio and television programs. Copyright also covers folklore, which is traditional cultural expression, songs, poems etc. and finally copyright covers traditional knowledge.What are Intellectual Property Rights?Intellectual Property rights are like any other property rights. They allow creators or owners of patents, trademarks or copyrighted works to benefit from their own work or investment in a creation. These rights are outlined in Article 27 of the universal declaration of Human Rights, which provides for the right to benefit from the protection of moral and material interest resulting from authorship of scientific, literary or artistic productions.Why promote and protect Intellectual Property?There are several compelling reasons. First, the progress and wellbeing of humanity rest on its capacity to create and invent new works in the areas of technology and culture. Second, the legal protection of new creation encourages the commitment of additional resources for further innovations. Third, the promotion of Intellectual Property Spurs economic growth, create new jobs and industries and enhance the quality and enjoyment of life.What is a Patent?A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or that offers new technical solutions to a problem.A patent provides patent owners with the protection of their new inventions. Protection is granted for a limited period, generally 20 years.Who grants Patent?Patent is granted by the National Patent Office called the Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO) upon filing of a patent application that includes but not limited to title of invention, indication of its technical field, the background and description of the invention; such descriptions are usually accompanied by visual materials such as drawings, plans or diagrams that describe the invention in greater details. Claims are also included to help determine the scope of the patent protection.What is Utility Model?An exclusive right granted for an invention, which allows the right holder to prevent others from commercially using the protected invention without his authorization for a limited period of time. It is sometimes referred to as petit patent, small patent incremental patent, etc.What is a trademark?A trademark is a distinctive sign that identifies certain goods or service produced or provided by an individual or company. Trademark has three (3) characteristic and they are original, distinctive, and non-descriptive.Kinds of trademarkA trademark may be one or a combination of words, letters, and numerals. They may consist of drawings, symbols or three dimension signs such as the shape and packaging of goods.How long is trademark protection?Trademark protection is done for a period of ten (10) years in accordance with Sub-Part B, section 10.9 of the 2016 Intellectual Property Act. Subsequent renewal of additional ten (10) years can be done after the expiration of the first ten (10) years through application for renewal and payment of the prescribed fees.What is a mark?Mark means any visible sign capable of distinguishing the goods (trademark) or services (service mark) from one enterprise to that of another enterprise.What is Collective Mark?Collective Mark means any visible sign designated as such in the application for registration and capable of distinguishing the owner, which are associations whose members use them to be identified. Example: Accounting Associations engineer or architects Associations. What is a trade Name?Trade Name means the name of designation identifying and distinguishing one enterprise to that of the other.To be continued in next edition on Thursday, May 3, 2018.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) (Image courtesy: famt.ac.in)Intellectual property protection is critical in fostering innovation. Without protection of ideas, businesses and individuals would not reap the full benefits of their inventions and would focus less on research and development. Similarly, artists would not be fully compensated for their creations and cultural vitality would suffer as a result.And so to help artists, inventors and players in the industry in Liberia to understand some basic terms of IP, we are launching this series.Who grants protection?Intellectual Protection is granted by virtue of registration by the Government of Liberia through the Liberia Intellectual Property Office (LIPO), with the issuance of a certificate of registration of creations or corporation works, after completing all the steps and procedure and payment of prescribed fees required for registration.What is Intellectual Property?Intellectual Property very broadly means the legal rights which result from intellectual activity in industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields. (WIPO, 2008) Intellectual Property is divided into two categories:INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY includes patent for inventions, trademark, industrial designs and geographical indications (GI).
The experienced colorist is able to pull fast keys to ensure the session progresses at a quick pace. Here are a couple of actionable DaVinci Resolve tips to make sure your keys are effective.All images from ShutterstockDigital colorists pull keys on any and every object in the frame throughout their careers. Clients always ask to tweak skin tones, but elements such as clothing, hair, teeth, lips, scenery, product packaging, or practical lights are all fair game.Here’s the first image we’ll be working with. We should be able to get a nice clean key of the girl’s skin as it is naturally separated from the background.Hue Width, Saturation Low and Luminance LowCreate an initial qualification by selecting the eyedropper tool and clicking and dragging across the part of the image you want. You’ll often find that your initial selection won’t include all the values you want, and choosing the Add Color Range tool can be slower than knowing what to adjust next.Using the eyedropper tool, this is our initial key. Not bad, but we can do better. Read on…Activate the highlight mode and increase the Hue Width. This will fatten out the qualification, often to include the tones you need. I don’t find myself adjusting Hue Center, Soft or Symmetry as often as Hue Width. If you’ve performed a good initial selection with the eyedropper, you’ve already got a good center hue, and you’ll be wanting to select an area that is defined enough to process, so it won’t be too softened out. Symmetry adjusts the highs and lows of the hue qualification, something I haven’t found crucial for most keys.Adjusting the Hue Width may be all you need to move on. If not, try adjusting both Saturation Low and Luminance Low to include or exclude as needed. Many times I won’t need to touch the Highs of both controls.Increasing the Hue Width gets us a key that includes more of what we want.When you’ve pulled a good key, don’t forget to blur it by increasing your Blur Radius, an important step for executing seamless corrections.I adjusted both the Luminance Low and Saturation Low to get a bit more of her hair. There’s a tradeoff because I’m also now getting some values in her jacket that are the same tone as her hair and skin. It’s up to you to determine whether you’re okay with affecting this part of the image in service of improving the hair. You can also choose to exclude the jacket using power windows. If so, read on. Don’t forget to blur your key.The qualification tab has many parameters for precisely dialing in the part of the image you want to key. Knowing how all of these affect keys is essential, but several have more of an immediate impact that you’ll find yourself adjusting more than the others. Identifying and understanding which qualifier parameters get you better keys will keep you from guessing what to change and will save time in session.Use Power Windows to Choke KeysSometimes, the subject’s skin will have the same red-yellow values as something else in the frame. You’ll have to decide if your skin correction is worth affecting this other element in the interest of making the talent look their best.This is a harder image to work with since the model’s skin is a similar tone to the background, but we’re up for the challenge.Sure enough, when we pull our key we’re getting the background, as expected.You may opt to create power windows to restrict the limits of your key, especially if your correction is a large move.Here’s our skin tone correction. I thought she was a bit too saturated and yellow.The added benefit to using power windows is that you can create an Outside Node to affect what’s outside your correction.Add Outside Node lets us process everything that’s not in the skin tone key we pulled earlier, allowing us other creative possibilities.Our resulting grade. I cooled it off quite a bit for a look favoring a bit more color contrast.Don’t Go Nuts on Exposure. Use Power Windows InsteadWhen performing the correction on the keyed image, you can make large moves on the color information, adjusting saturation, hue, and tint in substantial degrees. This isn’t the case for luminance values. Large exposure adjustments will cause your footage to break down fairly quickly, depending on which camera you’re shooting with. Artifacts are the last thing you want on a shot with tons of nodes.The experienced colorist uses discretion with keys, and knows when not to use one. When lightening or darkening in large amounts, it’s better to use a power window without a qualification.Track When NecessaryIf you’re improving skin tones on a relatively stationary subject, it may not be necessary to track. Many times the qualification will suffice. Resolve’s tracker, while fast, is not always perfect, and in a high-speed client session you want to execute fast changes in the allotted time, and the tracker may actually slow you down.Brush Up on KeyingCreating clean keys is one of the most important skills to possess for the colorist executing professional work. Understanding the qualification tools, as well as knowing when to not use them, are just as important.Check out some of our other color grading articles below.Color Grading: Bleach Bypass Looks in DaVinci ResolveThe Isolated Color Look in DaVinci ResolvePopular Fashion Looks in ResolveWere these DaVinci Resolve tips helpful? Got any secrets to pulling better keys? Share the goods in the comments below!
Three ‘gangsters’ were arrested from Maharashtra for allegedly killing an inspector and a constable in Rajasthan’s Sikar district eight days ago, the police said on Sunday. “We have arrested three persons from Maharashtra involved in the killings of [Fatehpur police station] SHO Mukesh Kanungo and constable Ram Prakash,” DGP O.P. Galhotra said.To be quizzed The accused are being brought to Rajasthan by a police team, he said, adding that the accused would be interrogated once they are brought here.The DGP did not reveal the names of the arrested accused.Police teamThe SHO and the constable were allegedly shot dead by the SUV-borne gangsters, who opened fire at the police team chasing them in a private vehicle at Beswa village under the Fatehpur police station in Sikar district on October 6, the police said.Acting on a tip-off, the police team was on hunt to nab gangster Ajay Chaudhary and his aides when they opened fire. In the firing, the SHO was hit in the neck and the constable on the chest. The duo succumbed to the injuries before they could be rushed to a hospital.
LATEST STORIES Brownlee orchestrated Ginebra’s late first quarter pullaway, turning a close 18-16 affair with 4:16 remaining to a commanding 29-18 advantage with a killer 11-2 tear to end the opening period.That scintillating offensive display, coupled with Meralco’s offensive struggles, propelled the Gin Kings as they enjoyed a 17-point lead, 40-23 midway in the second quarter after another Brownlee layup.Cone didn’t put too much praise on the way Ginebra defended in the game, saying the result was also decided with Meralco’s paltry shooting from rainbow country.“We hit our shots and they were 2-of-17 from the three-point line in the first half. They’re the number one three-point shooting team and it was an unusual night for them. Let’s give credit to our defense, but they really missed a lot of three-pointers. They’re unfamiliar with the court and the rings and whatever plays into that, but on the other end, we did hit our shots,” he said.The Bolts, though, eventually found their rhythm in the third quarter, unfurling 38 points in the frame to cut the deficit to its lowest at four, 75-71, on a Mike Tolomia four-point play with 4.9 seconds left in the period.ADVERTISEMENT LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary MOST READ Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients Frustrated Knights focused on own bid amid 3-way tie for no. 4 Read Next But Ginebra was quick to recover as Slaughter squeaked in another dunk late in the period to swing the momentum back in Ginebra’s favor as the crowd favorites rekindled their shooting to established a 21-point lead, 96-75, on a booming Brownlee three with 5:05 left to play.Allen Durham struggled for Meralco as he went 10-of-22 from the field to wound up with 27 points, 14 rebounds, eight assists, and two steals, while Baser Amer got 14 markers and five boards in the loss.The Scores:GINEBRA 102 – Brownlee 32, Aguilar 15, Slaughter 14, Ferrer 11, Tenorio 10, Devance 9, Mercado 7, Caguioa 2, Thompson 2, Helterbrand 0, Taha 0.MERALCO 87 – Durham 27, Amer 14, Tolomia 10, De Ocampo 8, Hodge 8, Dillinger 6, Lanete 6, Newsome 6, Hugnatan 0, Caram 0.Quarters: 29-18, 49-35, 77-71, 102-87. BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Game 2 of the best-of-7 championship duel is on Sunday at Smart Araneta Coliseum.Brownlee was all over the floor for Ginebra, going for 32 points on an ultra-efficient 13-of-20 sniping from the field, to go with his 19 rebounds and six assists.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAguilar added 15 markers, four boards, and three blocks, while Greg Slaughter came off the bench and was once again a huge boost for the Gin Kings, scattering 14 points, eight rebounds, and two rejections.“We played really well tonight. I thought we controlled the game from pretty much start to finish but you take everything after Game 1 with a real grain of salt. This is not representative of anything as the series goes along,” said coach Tim Cone. “Last time we played Meralco last year, they won Game 1. That’s a cautionary tale for us. We just want to make sure not to make too big of a deal of Game 1 and move forward to Game 2.” View comments Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa PBA IMAGESLUCENA — Clicking on both ends of the floor, Ginebra gained a head start in the 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup Finals with a 102-87 beatdown of Meralco on Friday to take Game 1 at Quezon Convention Center here.The Gin Kings exploited their advantage in the frontcourt and pounded the ball in the paint as Justin Brownlee and Japeth Aguilar had their way to help the defending champions establish an early lead they will never surrender.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC
Being a referee in any sport often presents many challenges, especially if you are a female referee officiating men in sport. For referees Louise Frost and Annabelle Connolly however, the challenge isn’t a problem. “From a players perspective sometimes I think they think they have it over you,” Frost said. “But if you show you’re confident then its fine. I’ve had no problems at tournament level, it’s more at park level that you sometimes have problems.”Connolly agrees that at the Opens tournament level, things run fairly smoothly. “When I was 16-17 and refereeing the Mens 30s and older guys sometimes it was a problem,” Connolly said. “But now things are pretty good.”Both Frost and Connolly among eight of the female referees here at the NTL Opens/20s.Connolly, a level six, recently represented Australia at the World Cup, and experience which she describes as “brilliant”.“I didn’t find out I was going until September – which was a fairly late call up,” Connolly said.“It was my first time overseas and it was brilliant. If you got the Australia or New Zealand games it was really high standard. Some of the other games were big score-lines like 20-nil, which is a lot different to what you get here at the NTL.”The 27-year old from WA has been officiating Touch for the past 11 years, and hopes to again represent at the international level.“My goal is to be part of the Youth World Cup, and then the next World Cup in 2011,” she said.“I had a fantastic time and made so many friends overseas, that was the best part, and it was completely different to what I expected.”Frost, 24, refereed at her first major tournament in 2004. Like Connolly, her goal is also to referee at the international level, and currently a level four she is hoping to upgrade to level five at the NTL. “Obviously the ultimate goal is to get my level 6 and to Referee at the World Cup in Scotland in four years time.”The schedule to referee three-to-four games a day at the Opens NTL will be a test for Frost, who is still recovering from damaged knee cartilage, which will be operated on following the tournament.“I’m having the op in a couple of weeks on my knee, and then I will be off for six months,” Frost said. “After that I will be trying to get fit again, and hopefully the knee will be fixed and won’t cause any more problems.”Sharing a room at the NTL, they say the female referees often “stick together”.“The girls do tend to stick together, you definitely do get the feeling of being in the minority, but you tough it out,” Connolly said.“We like to give it to the boys, but you always get it back!”
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Bournemouth management scoffs at moaning Pellegriniby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveBournemouth management were left “bemused” by West Ham’s meltdown at the end of yesterday’s 2-2 draw.It’s emerged Hammers manager Manuel Pellegrini claimed assistant boss Jason Tindall was influencing referee Stuart Attwell. An animated Pellegrini was involved in an altercation with Bournemouth boss Eddie Howe. Tindall appeared to act as peacemaker, ushering the sexagenarian Chilean away from 41-year-old Howe near the dugouts of the Vitality Stadium. Howe later denied that the exchange was heated: “No, not heated, we were just discussing a few VAR calls. Everyone’s got their own different opinions to decisions, so there was no problem.”Moments later Pellegrini, whose side are now third in the Premier League, offered his side in an uncharacteristic outburst. “No, I never talked about the VAR decision,” he said. “I talk about the assistant coach of him, the complete game with the referee trying to pressurise in every decision. That’s all what I complain, not about the VAR. “Its his assistant. I think they don’t need it because they are a good team that play offensive football. I think Eddie has done very good work here – his assistant doesn’t need to do those kind of things because I don’t think it’s fair for the referee.”A source close to Bournemouth’s management told the Daily Mail: “Eddie and Jason are bemused as to why the West Ham management were getting their knickers in a twist and not happy about it. “They seemed to have a problem with Jason being on the touchline but everyone knows Eddie and Jason come as a team. They are always on the touchline together and did nothing different than in any other game. “But they felt hard done by on VAR and weren’t afraid to make that known. For some reason Pellegrini had an issue with it. Why? Probably because, deep down, he knows they were right and West Ham were lucky to come away with a draw.”
If the SEC decides to realign its divisions for football, Auburn head coach Gus Malzahn would be fine with the Tigers moving to the SEC East. The 50-year-old coach told ESPN’s Chris Low, “I think there will be discussion on that.”The SEC is currently split into two seven-team divisions, with Auburn being in the SEC West, along with in-state rival Alabama. If the SEC shuffles things, @CoachGusMalzahn wouldn’t be opposed to Auburn moving to the East. “I think there will be discussion on that.”— Chris Low (@ClowESPN) April 13, 2016The SEC has already set its conference games through 2025, so realignment before then seems fairly unlikely. A move to the other side of the conference would certainly not end the Alabama-Auburn yearly Iron Bowl game, but it probably would end the yearly Alabama-Tennessee game. Unless the SEC changes its rules with a realignment, there would be only one set cross-divisional opponent for each team. And the Tigers’ opponent would surely be the Crimson Tide. Which team from the SEC East should move to the SEC West if the Tigers do, in fact, switch sides?
InstagramMichigan freshman Ahmir Mitchell transferring after suspension.Ahmir Mitchell enrolled at Michigan early, but it doesn’t look like he’s ever going to play a down for the Wolverines. Wednesday, just days after it was announced by head coach Jim Harbaugh that the freshman wide receiver would be suspended indefinitely, Mitchell announced on Twitter that he’d be leaving the program.“It’s been all love from the fans, community, and the people of Michigan. I’ve made bonds and friendships with people here that will last a lifetime. I love what U of M had to offer me but, what is best for me and my family comes first. Therefore I will like to announce that I am hereby reopening my recruitment to all Universities and football programs.”Mitchell specifically stated that he’s “reopening’ his recruitment. But since he’s been enrolled at Michigan since January, this would have to be considered a transfer.All love for the people of Michigan and U of M ?? pic.twitter.com/dATIELCJQe— Ahmir_SoDevoted (@TheDeuce_2_Nice) August 24, 2016Mitchell is a class of 2016 player who was rated as a four-star composite. The 6-foot-3, 205-pound star is from Egg Harbor City, New Jersey.Reasons for Mitchell’s suspension have not been released. Harbaugh became frustrated with the press when asked about it last week.
Mr. Henry noted that the contribution of the music industry could be strengthened once the proper systems and structures are in place. Minister without Portfolio in the Office of the Prime Minister, Hon. Mike Henry, says protection of Jamaica’s music and creative works is critical to national development. Story Highlights “We must protect our music, which is being marketed to the world, more so now than we have done in the past. The Government has moved to increase protection in revising the Copyright Act, which has increased the number of years of protection of your creative work from 50 to 95 years,” he noted. Minister without Portfolio in the Office of the Prime Minister, Hon. Mike Henry, says protection of Jamaica’s music and creative works is critical to national development.“We must protect our music, which is being marketed to the world, more so now than we have done in the past. The Government has moved to increase protection in revising the Copyright Act, which has increased the number of years of protection of your creative work from 50 to 95 years,” he noted.Mr. Henry noted that the contribution of the music industry could be strengthened once the proper systems and structures are in place.“We have to be strategic in our business approach to music and it has to be done with a sense of purpose. We know where there are so many rivers to cross but we are Jamaicans and we can cross it,” he added.Mr. Henry was speaking at the eighth staging of the Jamaica Information Service (JIS) Heritage Competition Awards Ceremony, at the Mona Visitors’ Lodge, St. Andrew, on November 26.The function was held under the theme: ‘Jamaica’s Music, the stage for growth and development’.Mr. Henry, who has portfolio responsibility for the JIS, congratulated the agency, led by Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Donna-Marie Rowe, for staging the annual heritage competition.He noted that it plays an important role in encouraging students to think about national issues and to express ideas about “where we are as a people and what our heritage means to our national identity”.Mrs. Rowe, for her part, said that one of the objectives of the competition is to integrate the JIS brand into the fabric of the school community.She congratulated the students for participating noting that “we do not underestimate (your) intelligence and capability.”“In fact, we look forward to raising the bar each year and watching our students rise to the challenge every time,” she said.She lauded the judges for their work and expressed gratitude to them for helping to evaluate the various submissions.Mrs. Rowe also commended the sponsors and the parents for their support.Opened to primary, secondary and tertiary students, the competition consists of essay, poster and photography components.The essay segment targeted primary school students aged nine to 12, who were required to write on the topic ‘How has Jamaican music contributed to the country’s growth and development’. The essays were judged on relevance to the topic, originality, accuracy and analysis of research data, writing style and language skills.The poster component targeted high school students and was judged based on interpretation of the topic, originality, neatness and presentation.Meanwhile, the photography component was opened to tertiary level students, who were required to submit photographs depicting the theme. This category was judged on interpretation of the topic, originality, composition, technique and impact.A total of 15 students were awarded for participation in the competition.Gianni Willie of George Headley Primary School placed first in the essay component; Mahalia Ulett of Ardenne Prep and Extension High School won the poster component; and De’andra Calvert of the University of Technology took top honours in the photography component of the competition.Other prizes were awarded for best researched entry, judge’s special award, best use of language and most creative entry, among others.The function included a display of music artefacts from the Jamaica Cultural Development Commission (JCDC).
KINGSTON, Ont. – Via Rail says its trains are back on schedule after a freight train derailment delayed trips between Toronto and Montreal or Ottawa for hours on Saturday.The widespread delays came about when two cars at the back of a Canadian National Railway train carrying paper derailed just east of Kingston at 1:20 p.m.The incident caused hours of delays for rail passengers across the province on Saturday, but Via spokeswoman Marie-Anna Murat says there aren’t any delays expected between Toronto and Montreal or Ottawa.Murat says 647 people were on passenger trains at the time of the derailment, and more than a thousand were believed to be affected by Saturday’s delays.Murat says all trains on the route were cancelled that evening, and passengers were given the option of either exchanging their tickets or receiving a full refund.She says Via Rail provided buses and other forms of alternate transport for most of the passengers stranded at the time of the derailment.